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Serverless Stack for Mobile Application Development – ReadWrite



Satyam Chaturvedi

There is a famous saying that technological advancement in the past 20 years has eclipsed the changes happening in the entire history of Mankind. The current digital gadgets which we use, such as wearable watches, Tablets, Smartphones, were not even thinkable a few decades back — the same goes with Softwares. The Technology world has evolved at an astonishing pace in the last 20 years.

Serverless Stack for Mobile Application Development

With the advent of Cloud computing, this usual pattern was changed; it offers flexibility to take server space and other computing capabilities on rent. Cloud vendors offer a pay-per-usage model, which was extremely beneficial for Application developers and owners. Cloud computing now has users pay only for those resources, which are in use — they don’t have to think about the maintenance and other aspects.

What is Serverless?

We believe the term ‘Serverless’ does not mean there is no involvement of Servers. However, these Services and Infrastructure resources are provided by a specific 3rd Party vendors as a backend service.

The developers can purchase these backend services on a pay-per-usage basis. Most of the cloud Vendors provide database storage services as Function-as-a-Service platforms. These platforms help developers to execute codes on the edge without storing any data.

What are the advantages of serverless computing?

Lower costs and “Pay as you Use.”

Compute resource cost is one of the biggest concerns for any organization, as it occupies most of the budgetary allocations.

Seamless Scalability – Everyone wants their mobile application to be used by millions of users, but the biggest hurdle is if we can scale the application in a similar proportion of our increasing user base. This question haunts the developers and Application owners, as they are not sure of the extent of the scalability of their application.

Here comes Serverless architecture for our rescue; it allows unlimited scaling, without worrying about the provisioning of Servers.

Simplified backend code

It offers Function-as-a-Service, which is a big boon for the developers. They can create and execute simple functions that can perform their intended purpose, like making Application programming interface calls and several other system functions.

Quicker turnaround and less time to Market – The application market is witnessing a cut-throat competition; If your competitor gets it first, then you will lose it. In this case, Serverless architecture offers the capability to add new functions and features in a few hours, instead of weeks or months.

It enables developers to cut down the time to market and deploy and release the updates so quickly. Developers get an option to add and modify the code in a piecemeal fashion.

Lower Latency for end-users – However, as code can run closer to the end-user and can run virtually from anywhere, it reduces the latency issues up to a great extent.

What is Serverless Stack?

The first thing to remember, if we talk in general terms — a Stack is a collection of Operating Systems, tools, languages, databases, scripting language, web servers, frameworks, and APIs, etc. All of these pieces of the “Stack Collection” come together to develop an entire software solution.

Nowadays, every mobile application has some common traits like scalability, security, and maintainability. A serverless stack enables developers to build the right product, which can specially fulfill these additional requirements.

Front End development stack

  • React – It is an open-source library developed by Facebook, that is used to create beautiful and highly reactive user interfaces for single web page applications and Mobile applications.
  • Babel – It is an open-source JavaScript trans-compiler that converts ECMAScript codes into a backward-compatible version of JavaScript. It offers developers the ability to use the latest features of JavaScript.
  • AWS Amplify – It is a group of tools and services that helps developers to build secure and scalable full-stack serverless mobile applications. By AWS; hence one can expect seamless support and features of AWS cloud.
  • Apollo GraphQL Client – It is a comprehensive state management library based on JavaScript, which helps developers to manage both local and remote data with GraphQL.
  • Webpack – It is an open-source bundler for JavaScript modules. It processes modules with dependencies capable enough to generate static assets corresponding to those modules occasionally.

Backend development stack

  • NodeJs – It is an open-source JavaScript runtime environment, which offers cross-platform support. It runs and executes the code outside a web browser.
  • AWS Lambda – It is a serverless computing platform that is driven by events and has been provided by Amazon as a part of AWS. It is a computing service that executes code in response to event-triggered and manages resources.
  • AWS S3 – It stands for AWS Simple Storage Service, which provides object storage via a web service interface. Amazon S3 uses Amazon’s famous scalable storage infrastructure, which is the backbone of Amazon’s global e-commerce network.
  • AWS CloudFormation – It allows developers to use code or a simple text file to execute provisioning and modeling in an automated and secure manner. It allocates required resources to the mobile application and ensures it never faces any issues. It also offers a common platform to bring in third-party resources to our application.
  • Serverless Framework – It is an open-source serverless framework written using Node.js.

Programming Languages for Serverless mobile application development

  • Java – It is the most reliable option while choosing the backbone of the serverless stack. It frequently works with AWS Lambda; it comes with massive libraries and tools which come in handy while developing serverless mobile applications.
  • NodeJS – NodeJS got more popular because of all the plugins it supports. The spin-up times are better than you get with Java or C+. These two things make it the best bet for developing client-facing applications.
  • Python – Though this language has been available for almost 3 decades, it has garnered enormous popularity in the last couple of years, it attains a cult status, and Python applications could be seen everywhere. It comes with a huge number of Third-party modules, which helps it interact with other languages and development platforms. Due to its ever-increasing popularity, it enjoys brilliant support from its communities. Surprisingly, It has more than 1,50,000 support packages to provide necessary help to the end-users and developers. Another big advantage of Python is its simplicity, extremely easy to learn, and it helps developers avoid overcomplicating programming architecture.
  • Go – It is comparatively a new contender, but with some amazing features to offer, it already creates a niche for itself. The biggest advantage it has with its best-in-class tenacity of 1.x, which outperforms its competitors like Java. A good tenacity rate is an assurance of a quick compilation of code without frequent alterations. In addition, it uses static binaries, which gives the ability to developers not to worry about the static linking. Go offers forward compatibility with AWS Lambda programs which makes it a big boon for serverless mobile application development.
  • Net.Core Net.Core language is popular among those who want to run their .net applications on AWS.


  • AWS DynamoDb – It is an Amazon proprietary NoSQL database service, which supports key-value and document data structures. It shares an almost similar data model approach and derives its name from Dynamo Database; however, the difference lies in their implementation.
  • AWS Aurora Serverless – It is an auto-scaling and on-demand and auto-scaling configuration for Amazon Aurora. However, it is a MySQL and PostgreSQL compatible version, and it offers seamless scalability to the applications. It offers automatic scale capacity up.
  • FaunaDB It is a distributed and consistent NoSQL database that offers a multi-model interface offering a unique architecture where it can span to clouds as well as continents. FaunaDB supports relational, graph, temporal, and document data sets from a single query. This database has its own FQL query language and supports GraphQL query language.
  • Azure CosmosDB It is Microsoft’s proprietary database service, which is a multi-model database service and distributed globally in a way that it can manage the data at a planet-scale.
  • Firebase Realtime DB It is a cloud-hosted NoSQL database, which lets applications store and sync the data between different users in real-time.

Authentication and Authorization tools

  • Amazon Cognito User Pool – It is a user directory available in Amazon Cognito. Using this user pool, users can sign into the mobile app or the web portal via Amazon Cognito. Users can also sign in through social media identity providers like Amazon, Apple, Facebook, Google, Apple, etc.
  • OKTA – It enforces strong security policies and still allows end-users to access supported applications on any phone model and has one of its kind of integrated platform, where it could be paired with the organization’s directories services and other identity tools. It is easy to integrate and can be implemented quickly at a vast level with low costs.
  • Auth0 – It provides a common platform to authorize, authenticate and provide secure access to the users, who want to use any application or device. It is very simple and highly extensible, with more than 4.5 billion average authentication transactions every month. It is a comparatively new tool but still has generated a huge clientele base.
  • Microsoft Azure Active Directory – It is one of the most renowned identity and access management solutions, which is cloud-based. It provides some of the strong and robust capabilities, through which one can manage users and groups. It can facilitate their secure access to the organization’s apps, along with Microsoft services like Office 365.
  • OneLogin – It is one of the simplest identity management software which provides one-click secure access for end-users, to simple or enterprise cloud-based applications, on all kinds of devices.


Docker is a tool to develop, deploy, and run serverless mobile applications by using containers. A container allows a developer to combine the application with all the necessary parts it requires, such as libraries and other 3rd party dependencies, and deploy it as one package.

On the other hand, It is a set of Platforms-as-a-service products, which uses operating-system-level virtualization to deliver packages in the form of containers.

Error Tracking and Reporting tools

  • Sentry – It is a popular error tracking and reporting tool, which is loved by the developers for its application monitoring platform. It helps diagnose and fix the performance of the code. Sentry uses stack traces to enhance the performance of the mobile application. It uses Breadcrumbs to identify the chronology of events that could have caused the error.
  • Instabug – It offers real-time Insights into the mobile application lifecycle. It has strong bug detection and feedback reporting systems; it also comes with a secure crash reporting mechanism which makes it strong enough to support 2 billion devices.
  • Rollbar – It is known for its high performance, which helps developers test and deploys software at a rapid pace by fixing coding errors. It works simultaneously with any existing tool to ensure better coverage to identify and close the broken codes.
  • Raygun – It works on both mobile applications and web applications and raises the alarm the moment any code error is identified. All we need to add Raygun to our code, and it starts detecting bugs in a real-time fashion.
  • Jira – It is one of the most renowned and widely used tools for tracking issues, organizing them, and taking a follow-up for them until closed. Similarly, It works seamlessly with all kinds of web applications and mobile applications.

Testing tools

  • Azure Functions Core Tools – It is Microsoft’s proprietary tools that let developers test their functions on a local computer from the command prompt or terminal.
  • Mocha – It is a feature-rich JavaScript test framework, which runs on Node.js.
  • Jasmine – is an open-source testing framework for JavaScript. It aims to run on a JavaScript-enabled platform and to have easy-to-read syntax.
  • Jest – It is a JavaScript testing framework, which is to ensure the correctness of any JavaScript codebase that runs through it. It provides an easy and simple interface to write and execute tests in an approachable and familiar way.
  • Local Stack – It is a local AWS cloud stack, that provides an easy-to-use test and mocking framework for developing serverless mobile applications.

Application Security Tools

  • Protego – It offers a full application development lifecycle security. It offers a Policy manager, Security posture explorer, and third-party vulnerability reports. It has a robust integration with cloud platforms, which helps us detect and address problems with access and privileges. In other words, Protego also comes with an inbuilt analytics engine, which uses ML algorithms to assess and detect threats. They also take preventative actions to avoid any threats, malicious attacks, and anomalies.
  • PureSec – It provides a full-fledged security solution for serverless architectures and supports all the major cloud vendors, and provides security dashboards, which can be used to retrieve forensic information to conduct investigations for security incidents. PureSec has a platform to analyze functions to find out the vulnerabilities and misconfigurations in the existing system. Hence, for security concerns — runtime protection for a serverless app, where it scans input data and analyzes any injection attacks.
  • An inbuilt behavioral protection engine, which uses deep learning to detect any malicious transactions in mobile applications. Seamless integration with available SIEM tools to fetch security event information.

Continuous Integration (CI) and Continuous Delivery (CD)

It is a mechanism to deliver applications to customers rapidly by adding automation into the app development process. The first thing to remember CI/CD is a concept of continuous integration, continuous deployment, and continuous delivery of Mobile applications. We have certain CI/CD tools that can help us improve the integration and delivery process.

  • Jenkins – It is an open-source automation server, which helps in building and integrating the applications. It is basically a Java-based software, which also contains the components and packages from macOS, Windows, or Unix operating systems. There are many plugins in it, which support rapid development, deployment, and automation of mobile application development projects.
  • CircleCI – It is another top-rated tool that supports fast-pacing application development and publishing. Above all, It allows automation in various phases of Mobile app development. It performs continuous integration for cloud-managing options, and it runs behind a firewall on private infrastructure as well.
  • Bamboo is a continuous integration server that automates mobile software application releases by creating a continuous delivery pipeline.
  • GitLab – It is a comprehensive suite of tools used to manage all aspects of the mobile application development lifecycle, having an inbuilt Git repository manager that allows developers to run tests, deploy code, trigger builds with each commit. It allows the creation of jobs in virtual machines or Docker containers.
  • TeamCity – It is a continuous integration tool developed by JetBrains that helps the development and deployment of different types of projects.


It is a proven fact that having infrastructure as code and automating provisioning is the biggest way forward as far as Software development is concerned, and a serverless framework can help us achieve the desired results with much ease.

In addition, a Serverless stack is a big boon for developers, and it can do miracles if used efficiently for the right purposes. It allows us to keep a check on infrastructure costs and provides a seamless ability to scale application services.

Moreover, You can choose the best tool and technology to create your own customized serverless stack for mobile application development. It depends on your organization’s requirements and the vision for the application.

Satyam Chaturvedi

Satyam Chaturvedi is a Digital Marketing Strategist at Arka Softwares. Being a tech addict, I love to spend time in studying market trends and helping startups and enterprises in achieving their business goals.


Fintech Kennek raises $12.5M seed round to digitize lending



Google eyed for $2 billion Anthropic deal after major Amazon play

London-based fintech startup Kennek has raised $12.5 million in seed funding to expand its lending operating system.

According to an Oct. 10 report, the round was led by HV Capital and included participation from Dutch Founders Fund, AlbionVC, FFVC, Plug & Play Ventures, and Syndicate One. Kennek offers software-as-a-service tools to help non-bank lenders streamline their operations using open banking, open finance, and payments.

The platform aims to automate time-consuming manual tasks and consolidate fragmented data to simplify lending. Xavier De Pauw, founder of Kennek said:

“Until kennek, lenders had to devote countless hours to menial operational tasks and deal with jumbled and hard-coded data – which makes every other part of lending a headache. As former lenders ourselves, we lived and breathed these frustrations, and built kennek to make them a thing of the past.”

The company said the latest funding round was oversubscribed and closed quickly despite the challenging fundraising environment. The new capital will be used to expand Kennek’s engineering team and strengthen its market position in the UK while exploring expansion into other European markets. Barbod Namini, Partner at lead investor HV Capital, commented on the investment:

“Kennek has developed an ambitious and genuinely unique proposition which we think can be the foundation of the entire alternative lending space. […] It is a complicated market and a solution that brings together all information and stakeholders onto a single platform is highly compelling for both lenders & the ecosystem as a whole.”

The fintech lending space has grown rapidly in recent years, but many lenders still rely on legacy systems and manual processes that limit efficiency and scalability. Kennek aims to leverage open banking and data integration to provide lenders with a more streamlined, automated lending experience.

The seed funding will allow the London-based startup to continue developing its platform and expanding its team to meet demand from non-bank lenders looking to digitize operations. Kennek’s focus on the UK and Europe also comes amid rising adoption of open banking and open finance in the regions.

Featured Image Credit: Photo from; Thank you!

Radek Zielinski

Radek Zielinski is an experienced technology and financial journalist with a passion for cybersecurity and futurology.

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Fortune 500’s race for generative AI breakthroughs



Deanna Ritchie

As excitement around generative AI grows, Fortune 500 companies, including Goldman Sachs, are carefully examining the possible applications of this technology. A recent survey of U.S. executives indicated that 60% believe generative AI will substantially impact their businesses in the long term. However, they anticipate a one to two-year timeframe before implementing their initial solutions. This optimism stems from the potential of generative AI to revolutionize various aspects of businesses, from enhancing customer experiences to optimizing internal processes. In the short term, companies will likely focus on pilot projects and experimentation, gradually integrating generative AI into their operations as they witness its positive influence on efficiency and profitability.

Goldman Sachs’ Cautious Approach to Implementing Generative AI

In a recent interview, Goldman Sachs CIO Marco Argenti revealed that the firm has not yet implemented any generative AI use cases. Instead, the company focuses on experimentation and setting high standards before adopting the technology. Argenti recognized the desire for outcomes in areas like developer and operational efficiency but emphasized ensuring precision before putting experimental AI use cases into production.

According to Argenti, striking the right balance between driving innovation and maintaining accuracy is crucial for successfully integrating generative AI within the firm. Goldman Sachs intends to continue exploring this emerging technology’s potential benefits and applications while diligently assessing risks to ensure it meets the company’s stringent quality standards.

One possible application for Goldman Sachs is in software development, where the company has observed a 20-40% productivity increase during its trials. The goal is for 1,000 developers to utilize generative AI tools by year’s end. However, Argenti emphasized that a well-defined expectation of return on investment is necessary before fully integrating generative AI into production.

To achieve this, the company plans to implement a systematic and strategic approach to adopting generative AI, ensuring that it complements and enhances the skills of its developers. Additionally, Goldman Sachs intends to evaluate the long-term impact of generative AI on their software development processes and the overall quality of the applications being developed.

Goldman Sachs’ approach to AI implementation goes beyond merely executing models. The firm has created a platform encompassing technical, legal, and compliance assessments to filter out improper content and keep track of all interactions. This comprehensive system ensures seamless integration of artificial intelligence in operations while adhering to regulatory standards and maintaining client confidentiality. Moreover, the platform continuously improves and adapts its algorithms, allowing Goldman Sachs to stay at the forefront of technology and offer its clients the most efficient and secure services.

Featured Image Credit: Photo by Google DeepMind; Pexels; Thank you!

Deanna Ritchie

Managing Editor at ReadWrite

Deanna is the Managing Editor at ReadWrite. Previously she worked as the Editor in Chief for Startup Grind and has over 20+ years of experience in content management and content development.

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UK seizes web3 opportunity simplifying crypto regulations



Deanna Ritchie

As Web3 companies increasingly consider leaving the United States due to regulatory ambiguity, the United Kingdom must simplify its cryptocurrency regulations to attract these businesses. The conservative think tank Policy Exchange recently released a report detailing ten suggestions for improving Web3 regulation in the country. Among the recommendations are reducing liability for token holders in decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs) and encouraging the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) to adopt alternative Know Your Customer (KYC) methodologies, such as digital identities and blockchain analytics tools. These suggestions aim to position the UK as a hub for Web3 innovation and attract blockchain-based businesses looking for a more conducive regulatory environment.

Streamlining Cryptocurrency Regulations for Innovation

To make it easier for emerging Web3 companies to navigate existing legal frameworks and contribute to the UK’s digital economy growth, the government must streamline cryptocurrency regulations and adopt forward-looking approaches. By making the regulatory landscape clear and straightforward, the UK can create an environment that fosters innovation, growth, and competitiveness in the global fintech industry.

The Policy Exchange report also recommends not weakening self-hosted wallets or treating proof-of-stake (PoS) services as financial services. This approach aims to protect the fundamental principles of decentralization and user autonomy while strongly emphasizing security and regulatory compliance. By doing so, the UK can nurture an environment that encourages innovation and the continued growth of blockchain technology.

Despite recent strict measures by UK authorities, such as His Majesty’s Treasury and the FCA, toward the digital assets sector, the proposed changes in the Policy Exchange report strive to make the UK a more attractive location for Web3 enterprises. By adopting these suggestions, the UK can demonstrate its commitment to fostering innovation in the rapidly evolving blockchain and cryptocurrency industries while ensuring a robust and transparent regulatory environment.

The ongoing uncertainty surrounding cryptocurrency regulations in various countries has prompted Web3 companies to explore alternative jurisdictions with more precise legal frameworks. As the United States grapples with regulatory ambiguity, the United Kingdom can position itself as a hub for Web3 innovation by simplifying and streamlining its cryptocurrency regulations.

Featured Image Credit: Photo by Jonathan Borba; Pexels; Thank you!

Deanna Ritchie

Managing Editor at ReadWrite

Deanna is the Managing Editor at ReadWrite. Previously she worked as the Editor in Chief for Startup Grind and has over 20+ years of experience in content management and content development.

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