The intersection of AI and cybersecurity is a subject of growing concern in the industry, particularly on how AI can be used to mitigate attacks and neutralize threats. Many stakeholders are coming to terms with the fact that AI can be a force of evil too. According to BCG, over 90% of cybersecurity professionals in the US and Japan expect attackers to start using AI to launch attacks. And this is, in fact, becoming a reality already.
AI presents big opportunities for cyber attackers, allowing them to increase attacks in terms of speed, volume, and sophistication to massive proportions. According to Alejandro Correa Bahnsen of Cyxtera, AI-based attacks can bypass traditional detection systems more than 15% of the time — whereas an average phishing attack (without AI) can only detect the attacks 0.3% of the time. An example is #SNAP_R.
Defending AI With AI: The AI-Enabled Solutions to Next-Gen Cyberthreats
In addressing this growing threat, it’s important to note that AI-based offensive requires AI-based defenses. That is, where deepfakes can trick security systems and higher AI-backed authentication should be applied. Et cetera.
Organizations are only just coming to terms with the risks of artificial intelligence. It is pertinent for businesses to act as quickly as possible to protect their systems against these attacks. WannaCry introduced a whole different level of sophistication to cyber-attacks — and now plus AI? That shouldn’t be allowed to happen.
Risks of AI in conducting cyber attacks
At the 2016 Black Hat Conference, senior researchers debuted an automated spear-phishing program. Spear phishing, ordinarily, is tasking and time-consuming; depending on the scope of the attack. The attacker most likely has to collect large amounts of information about their targets for effective social engineering. Those researchers demonstrated how data science and machine learning can be used to automate and scale spear phishing attacks.
Months ago, experts at the Dawes Centre for Future Crime ranked deepfakes as the most serious AI crime threat. It’s not hard to see why. Deepfakes are a tool of disinformation, political manipulation, and deceit. Moreso, malicious actors can use deepfakes to impersonate trusted contacts and compromise business emails (voice phishing) to conduct financial fraud. And the worst is that they are hard to detect.
The possibility of deepfake ridicules voice biometrics and authentication. And these deepfakes will lead people to distrust audio and visual evidence, which have for long been tamper-proof sources of substantiation.
One way that AI can be used for evading detection is data poisoning. By targeting and compromising the data used to train and configure intelligent threat detection systems, say, making the system label obviously spam emails as safe, attackers can move more stealthily, and more dangerously.
Research shows that poisoning just 3% of a data set can raise error possibility by up to 91%. AI can be used to both evade attacks and adapt to defensive mechanisms.
All the points above underscore how AI enhances attacks. AI attacks are worse off because of automation and machine learning. Automation breaks the limit of human effort while machine learning makes the attack algorithms to improve from experience and become more efficient, notwithstanding if attacks are successful or not.
The adaptability means that AI-based attacks will only get stronger and more dangerous unless stronger counter innovations for resistance are developed.
Using AI to defend against AI
A. Machine learning for threat detection
In defending AI with AI, machine learning comes to play to help automate threat detection, especially with new threats that traditional antivirus and firewall systems are not equipped to defend against. Machine learning can significantly reduce instances of false positives, a serious menace in traditional threat detection, by 50% to 90% (cybersecurity intelligencedotcom).
Unlike the detection tools of the previous generation, which are signature-based, machine learning can monitor and log network usage patterns among employees in an organization and alert supervisors when it observes anomalous behavior.
Apparently, 93% of SOCs now use AI and machine learning tools in threat detection. The more data generated and the more sophisticated cyber-attacks get, security professionals will have to enhance their defense and detection capabilities with supervised and unsupervised machine learning.
B. Enhancing authentication via AI
Weak authentication is the most common way by which malicious actors gain unauthorized access to endpoints. And as seen with deepfakes, even biometric authentication no longer seems fail-proof. AI increases the sophistication of defenses by adding context to authentication requirements.
Risk-Based Authentication tools use AI-backed behavioral biometrics to identify suspicious activity and prevent endpoint compromise. Then, authentication extends beyond user verification to real-time intelligence. RBA, which is also called adaptive intelligence, assesses details such as location info, IP address, device info, data sensitivity, etc. to calculate a risk score and grant or restrict access.
For instance, if a person always logs in through a computer at work on workday mornings and on one occasion, tries to log in through a mobile device at a restaurant on a weekend, that may be a sign of compromise and the system will duly flag it.
With a smart RBA security model, merely knowing the password to a system is not enough for an attacker.
In addition to this, AI-powered authentication systems will start implementing continuous authentication, while still using behavioral analytics. Instead of a single login per session, which may be attacked midway, the system works continuously in the background authenticating the user by analyzing user environment and behavior for suspicious patterns.
C. AI in phishing prevention
Enhancing threat detection is one way by which AI can be used to prevent email phishing attacks and also enable safety when using torrenting websites for downloading media contents. It can as well do so with simple behavioral analysis. Say you receive an email purportedly from the CEO, AI can analyze the message to spot patterns that are inconsistent with the manner of communication from the actual CEO.
Features such as writing style, syntax, and word choice can reveal contrarieties, prevent you from falling into the trap and browse and download safely.
AI can also scan email metadata to detect altered signatures, even if the email address looks okay. It also scans links and images to verify their authenticity. Unlike traditional anti-phishing tools which block malicious emails through filters that can be easily bypassed, AI takes up the challenge directly against the core of phishing emails: social engineering.
What makes social engineering attacks difficult to overcome is that they are psychological, rather than technological. Hitherto, sheer human cleverness and skepticism had been tools for overcoming them. Now, AI has upped prevention, extending apprehension beyond human limits.
By recognizing patterns that are not immediately obvious to human beings, AI can determine when an email is malicious even if it does not contain any suspicious links or code. And it does this at scale using automation.
D. Predictive Analytics
The ultimate benefit of AI in cybersecurity is the ability to predict and build up defenses against attacks before they occur. AI can help human overseers to maintain comprehensive visibility over the entire network infrastructure of an organization and analyze endpoints to detect possible vulnerabilities. In this age of remote working and BYOD policies where IT departments increasingly find endpoint security difficult, AI can make their work much easier.
AI is our best bet against zero-day vulnerabilities, allowing us to quickly build smart defenses before those vulnerabilities are exploited by malicious actors. AI cybersecurity is becoming a sort of digital immune system for our organizations similar to how antibodies in the human are becoming system launch offensives against alien substances.
Last year, some Australian Researchers bypassed the famed Cylance AI antivirus without using the common method of dataset poisoning. They simply studied how the antivirus worked and created a universal bypass solution. The exercise called to question the practice of leaving computers to determine what should be trusted and also caused eyebrows to be raised concerning how effective AI is for cybersecurity.
However, more importantly, that research underscores the fact that AI is not a silver bullet and that human oversight remains necessary for combating advanced cyber threats. What we do know is that human effort alone with legacy cybersecurity tools is not enough to overcome the next generation of cyber threats, powered by AI.
We must use AI as the best offense and defense against AI.
10 Blockchain Speakers Who Make It Easy to Understand
The blockchain and Bitcoin. Decentralized finance and smart contracts. Non-fungible tokens and play-to-earn gaming. The new world of Web 3 is a lot of things — but simple isn’t one of them. A few speakers manage to turn the complexity of the blockchain into concepts that are easy to understand and quick to grasp.
These men and women take questions from the audience — and have a coherent and logical explanation for anyone who knows enough to frame a good question. If you are creating an event and you want a great keynote speaker — whether in person or virtual — choose from this list.
Blockchain, Bitcoin, Decentralized Finance, Smart Contract, Non-Fungible Tokens, Play-to-Earn Gaming — Think of the Possibilities
When I study, listen, attend conferences, and get lists like this one ready — it’s a difficult process (no doubt, those of you in this business can relate).
I have listened to most of these individuals speak and usually put Joel Comm at the top of my lists because he’s so dang funny — although these speakers are listed here in no particular order.
- Joel Comm (@joelcomm)
Joel Comm reached the blockchain world after selling a games company to Yahoo!, revealing the secrets of Google’s AdSense system, and explaining how to market on Twitter as soon as the “microblogging” platform was launched. With Travis Wright, he presents both The Bad Crypto Podcast and The Nifty Show, two podcasts that interview blockchain leaders and entrepreneurs, explaining their activities to a non-technical audience.
- Igor Pejic (@IgorPejic9)
Igor Pejic is the author of Blockchain Babel. He’s the former head of marketing at BNP Paribas Personal Finance Austria and a teacher at the University of Vienna. His experience in both the finance industry and in education has enabled him to translate blockchain technology’s jargon into understandable language and to explain why it matters. He’s seen how finance is responding to the rise of digital currencies and distributed networks, and he can explain it.
- Andre de Castro (@AndreTechExec)
Andre de Castro is a software engineer and a Bitcoin pioneer. He works with Fortune 500 clients, helping them to understand and prepare for the development of cryptocurrencies. He also contributed to a 2014 administrative ruling that enabled corporations and startups to trade cryptocurrencies in the US. He is an expert on the opportunities available in the blockchain world and, in particular, the possibility of earning through arbitrage across different trading platforms.
- Anne Lise Kjaer (@kjaerglobal)
Anne Lise Kjaer is an expert on trends. She’s the author of The Trend Management Toolkit and has talked to companies, including IKEA and Swarovski, about changing consumer fashions. The trends she’s discussed have included health tech and digitalization, but she also talks about fintech, how it’s changing, and what effect those changes will have on consumers and the companies that serve them.
- Lisa Short (@lisagshort)
Professor Lisa Short’s emphasis is on education. She’s the founder of Mind Shifting and the Frontier TechED Accelerator uses education to bring together small and medium-sized businesses and cutting-edge technologies. Lisa Short is also the director of Learning and Ecosystems for the United Africa Blockchain Association, which delivers blockchain and artificial intelligence education across Africa.
- John Biggs (@johnbiggs)
John Biggs is a journalist. Biggs has been an editor-at-large for TechCrunch.com and has written for publications including Wired, the New York Times, Linux Journal, and Popular Science. He is now news editor at CoinDesk, the world’s leading source of blockchain news, and has written books about blogging and online scams. He was also the CEO of fintech startup Freemit.com, adding real-world experience to his research and writing.
- Sam Wouters (@SDWouters)
Sam Wouters is a consultant at Duval Union Consulting, a consultancy firm, and is a co-author of the Digital Transformation Book, a guide to bringing digital workflows to large companies. He now focuses on Bitcoin and the blockchain, helping companies to understand how the technology works and what they can do with it.
- Laura Shin (@laurashin)
Laura Shin is the host of Unchained, one of the Web’s leading blockchain podcasts. She was senior editor at Forbes and the first mainstream journalist to take crypto as her full-time beat. She is also the author of the recent investigation of crypto’s early days: The Cryptopians: Idealism, Greed, Lies, and the Making of the First Big Cryptocurrency Craze. Her talks focus on the blockchain’s effects on ownership, online organization, and earning potential.
- Tony Scott (@tonyscottcio)
Tony Scott was President Barack Obama’s Chief Information Officer. He launched a 30-day Cybersecurity Sprint and directed the government’s cyber defense efforts. He also managed the net neutrality policy and oversaw the privacy issues that emerged from Apple’s suit against the FBI. He now runs the TonyScottGroup, where he gives enterprise-sized firms strategies to cope with and make the most of changing IT infrastructure and new technologies.
- Elias Ahonen (@eahonen)
Elias Ahonen’s 2016 book, Physical Bitcoins and Crypto-Currencies, was one of the first histories of digital currency. He is also the author of Blockland, a collection of stories about Bitcoin, blockchain, and cryptocurrency. He’s been active in the blockchain space since 2012 and runs a blockchain consulting company called Token Valley.
Here are a few articles for your reading pleasure and information — about these topics.
Blockchain, Bitcoin, Decentralized Finance, Smart Contract, Non-Fungible Tokens, Play-to-Earn Gaming
Most of these images were taken from the Speakers Linkedin Profiles; Thank you!
Featured Image Credit: Photo by Pressmaster; Pexels; Thank you!
How to Efficiently Onboard and Train Your New Hires
Quality employee onboarding is one of the most important things you can do for your business. You want your new hires to feel welcome and wanted as soon as they walk in. You need to give them an excellent first impression of your business and show that they matter. For many new employees, it’s essential to feel that there is a well-defined role and a clear career path.
Not only that, but a good onboarding process can make a massive difference to your retention rates and your revenue. Onboarding can also improve employee productivity and morale. And you save time and money when you don’t have to keep replacing employees.
Great onboarding starts with excellent planning. You really can’t wing it when it comes to training your new hires. Having planned training and processes for dealing with new employees is important.
Before hiring any new employees, plan out what they need to know and how you deliver it. This will also make it easier for you. For example, you’re not having to scramble to find something for them to do while trying to balance your own work.
You could also create an onboarding checklist for you and one for your new hires. This allows you to quickly know what to teach next and see clear progress and tick off what they’ve learned. It’s motivating for both parties. Even better if you have training software that allows for gamification. New hires can tick off modules as they finish them, see what’s next, achieve rewards, and more.
Once you have your onboarding training prepared, you can then use your calendar to plan it out and ensure success.
1. Set up a dedicated onboarding calendar
Many calendar apps will allow you to set up multiple calendars. So, for example, you can set up a calendar just for onboarding training, showing the full schedule.
This allows you and your new hires to look at your full calendar view with all your tasks and appointments and to look at just the training schedule on its own calendar when you need to.
It’s helpful to have both views. With the main calendar view, you can ensure no clashes and time to get to training sessions. And with the onboarding calendar, you clearly know the training and what comes next.
2. Share your calendars
You can coordinate together more efficiently by sharing your calendars. Your new employee will have other items on their calendar in addition to their onboarding training. For example, they may have previously booked medical appointments scheduled or a holiday that was already booked before they got the job. And there’s the work that they need to be involved in.
If you both share your calendars, you can easily be more flexible, if needed, and quickly rearrange sessions if something else comes up. In addition, your new hire will be able to see when you’re free, so they can book time if they need more help.
Encouraging your new employees to start, regularly use, and share their calendars is good practice for the future.
3. Set up your to-do list
Unless your only job is employee onboarding, you will have other work to fill your time. With your time split between onboarding your new hires and your everyday work, staying organized is essential. You can add a task/to-do list and make notes on many calendars to easily keep track.
This helps you balance your work with your onboarding duties. It also gives you a heads up if you’re going to have a busy week that may need extra organization and planning.
Another benefit of adding your to-do list to your calendar is seeing how much you’ve achieved. Ticking off completed tasks gives a nice hit of dopamine and is highly motivating.
4. Use time blocking to ensure you get everything done
When trying to learn something new, it can be easier to spend a solid block of time on it, rather than jump around over several sessions. Time blocking can be helpful to facilitate that.
However, time blocking involves splitting your day and week into blocks for specific tasks. This is a great way to combine your to-do list with your calendar. This can be a beneficial technique for ensuring you can fit in onboarding training and your regular tasks and meetings.
You can choose what works best for you with so many options and techniques. For example, time blocking could be one more helpful tool in your organizing arsenal.
5. Set up reminders
One of the best things about using a calendar and task lists is that you can add reminders to keep yourself on track.
When you are setting up your onboarding calendar, ensure you add in reminders where it’s helpful. This ensures that you don’t miss any meetings or tasks or your trainees.
When you’re busy, it can be easy to miss breaks and lunches. Adding reminders for these can ensure you take a breather when you should. It also provides that you don’t set yourself up for burnout.
6. Integrate with Trello
Some calendars integrate with Trello, a simple but effective project management app.
You can add tasks, checklists, and processes to Trello. It’s helpful to break down more significant tasks into smaller, more manageable tasks. It’s possible to tick them off when you’re done, which can help to motivate you and your trainees.
One other great thing about Trello is that you can set up boards and processes as a template. Then when you need it again, copy the template, rename it, and you’re ready to go.
Integrating this option with your calendar could help you manage your training better. You can also add team members and work on tasks together, aiding your trainees.
7. Bear in mind remote working
So many companies now allow remote working since the pandemic that you need to consider it. In addition, you may be training both in-office workers and remote workers to onboard them.
It’s important that your onboarding training includes your company culture and expectations, but it’s particularly important that remote workers feel part of your company.
Of course, you need to organize your time and calendar to ensure you can onboard everyone, remote or not. In addition to planning tasks and meetings, you’ll need to consider what technology you need, including cameras, Zoom, and more. Then, organize your tech in plenty of time for each meeting for success.
8. Start with a welcome pack
Once you know the start date of your next hire, add a task and a reminder on your calendar. Then send them a welcome email a few days before they start. You could even save time by writing a template for this email if you’re going to need it more than once. Then, you could set it up, keep it, and just hit send on the day.
If they’re based in-house, include practical information your new employee needs to know. Include directions, parking information, and a building map marked by their office or area. Add in where they can find vending machines or a kitchen for snacks and drinks. Include any local shops, such as bakeries or sandwich shops for food.
You’re starting them on the right foot before they’ve even walked through the door. And they will appreciate it.
Don’t forget your remote workers here. They will also appreciate a friendly, welcoming email with helpful information on start times and what to expect.
9. Use your analytics
Many calendars have excellent analytics. Office 365, for example, includes MyAnalytics, which provides information on various tasks and events. For example, you can see how many meetings you’ve had and how you spend your time.
This is helpful because you can see an overview of your onboarding training. You can check if you’re offering balanced training or leaning too heavily toward one subject. You can see whether you have covered everything or if there are any gaps.
Calendar analytics are equally helpful for improving your general productivity. You can ensure you still have the time to work on your own tasks as well as fit in onboarding.
10. Assess your onboarding regularly
Use your calendar to schedule follow-up meetings with new employees to get feedback on your onboarding processes.
Diarize time every year, at least once, to review your onboarding, look at feedback, and see how you can improve.
With quality onboarding so crucial for every business, it is vital to stay organized and on top of it. The right calendar apps can help you deliver onboarding well and keep improving.
Published First on Calendar. Read Here.
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What Are Automated Guided Vehicles?
Steam engines and conveyor belts are arguably two of the most important inventions of the industrial age. Moving water and coal by machine sparked groundbreaking changes in manufacturing. They allowed businesses to scale their production while saving time and resources. Many believe that automated guided vehicles represent the next logical step.
After all, without these innovations, the world as it is today would be impossible. The ability to move materials with ease contributed powerfully to the industrial revolution.
As time has marched on, more technologies have been invented to improve transportation, thus benefiting the manufacturing process. Many experts believe that the automated guided vehicle is the most noteworthy innovation as of late.
These machines are automatic vehicles with a guidance system that can use a variety of technologies to get from point A to point B without the need for a driver or human supervision. This invention has benefited quite a number of operations when it comes to manufacturing. AGVs can routinely and reliably transport materials from one place to another.
How Automated Guided Vehicles Work
Of course, the future of manufacturing is unknown, but it is constantly seeing upgrades from technological advancements. An automated guided vehicle (AGV) is a robotic solution to many industrial problems. It is a portable robot that moves along marked lines or wires on factory floors. It achieves this by using radio waves, cameras, magnets, or lasers for navigation.
The technologies used by each AGV differ based on design. Technologies such as LIDAR help AGVs in routing, navigation, and traffic management. Cameras help in monitoring obstacles and optimizing the path. Sensors also help in mapping the space and navigation.
Automated guided vehicles run on optimized technologies such as laser-based navigation systems and camera-based navigation systems. Both of these enhance the operation and help with better routing, traffic management, load balancing, and battery management.
These advances help make the systems safer for humans on the factory floor, as AGVs can stop if they sense someone or something is within their set path.
Laser-based navigation systems are one of the most popular types of routing and mapping systems in the industry today. Engineers pair camera-based technology with laser technology as an add-on feature. Cameras can detect the presence of traffic and easily identify obstacles better than lasers.
Camera-mounted automated guided vehicles are also extremely useful when humans are operating the system. It provides a much better view when users take the vehicle for new routines or a manned operation.
Industries Utilizing Automated Guided Vehicles
AI and self-driving cars are predicted to be the future, even in industries such as construction. However, some industries are experiencing success with automated options, and others are still adapting to AGVs. Most companies use automated guided vehicles in industrial applications. They transport heavy materials around large factories or warehouses.
For example, they help factories move raw materials or pellet goods. These are made ready to be shipped or sent off to a warehouse. Techs automate their routes and schedules in a way that they carry out operations a specific number of times within specified time increments.
While industrial applications are most common, other industries use AGVs on a smaller scale. AGVs can be applied to move materials in food processing, automotive assembly plants, and the healthcare industry.
Within hospitals, AGVs are becoming increasingly popular. Technicians program them to move linens, trash, medical waste, and even patient meals. In recent years, the theme park industry has even begun using AGVs for rides.
Benefits of Using Automated Guided Vehicle
The world of production is moving forward. There are so many benefits of incorporating an automated guided vehicle. Here are some of the most notable perks.
1. Time Management
Most notably, automated guided vehicles help cut down on human resources. Otherwise, companies spend additional resources on transporting materials back and forth. This, in turn, reduces the manual errors that occur when lifting large loads.
AGVs also improve time management by automating the routines. A simple memory chip with a navigation system and an automated routine can help the users to save time throughout pickup and transport schedules.
The incorporation of more automated systems has also been shown to save money and add more leisure time for employees. When companies don’t burden employees with simple, repetitive tasks, they can focus on more important agenda items.
AGVs prove to be extremely useful as they can transport items to a certain location without the guidance of humans. Without the need for human guidance, AGVs cut down on human error.
2. Optimizing Transport
Transporting materials through robot-enabled machines helps in automating the transport of materials, withdrawing the need for other machines, forklifts, and techniques for load management. Delegating transport to an AGV can also protect workers.
Injuries from lifting heavy items or operating forklifts incorrectly are some of the most common injuries within the workplace. Having AGVs take on this responsibility could mean avoiding workplace comp claims and potentially losing good employees.
Somewhat ironically, self-driving vehicles become simpler and safer when humans aren’t around. Separating human tasks and automated guided vehicles can optimize the transport process in multiple ways.
Incorporating AGVs benefits the overall manufacturing process, as it involves fewer man hours on simple tasks, such as transport, and it diverts them to more useful operations. An automated guided vehicle cuts down on the number of staff hours or labor required to safely handle payload and take it from one point to another. This is easily done once the load is set up on the automated guided vehicle.
Companies know that these machines are sturdy, stable, and more efficient than humans, who can carry less and usually take longer. AGVs make the transportation process both cost and time efficient.
Automated guided vehicles are a simple solution to solve transportation issues, and their application has broadened during the late 20th century. As more industries look to incorporate technology to optimize their processes and improve efficiency, they may take advantage of AGVs.
Looking at how the manufacturing industries have been utilizing this technology for years can help industries that are choosing to incorporate this technology now learn best practices. Knowing what AGVs are and recognizing their benefits can help businesses decide if they’re right for them.
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